Elaichi also know as cardamom or choti elaichi or long elaichi is a plant that is native to South Asia. The plant has many benefits, including the ability to improve digestion, relieve cold symptoms, and boost the immune system.
The elaichi plant is a source of many benefits. The most notable benefit of elaichi is its ability to improve digestion.
Additionally, elaichi helps to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract. Elaichi also can relieve cold symptoms.
The plant contains an antioxidant called quercetin which has been shown to help reduce inflammation in the respiratory system.
Additionally, elaichi can boost the immune system. The plant contains compounds that help to increase the production of white blood cells and improve the function of the immune system.
Keep reading to know about Elaichi Plant which includes Choti elaichi, moti elaichi, long elaichi, etc.
What is Elaichi?
It’s prepared by removing the seeds from tiny, thin pods. The pods are triangular and have a paper-like outer coating. The Elettaria cardamomum is commonly known as green cardamom.
Each year, the clumping plant, with strong and erect stems and leaves up to 2 feet long, springs from enormous subterranean rhizomes. Let’s have a look at how to cultivate this pungent spice!
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Cultivation and History
This spice is native to southwestern India’s mountainous forests, and it has been a staple ingredient in Indian cooking for at least 4,000 years. The spice was adored by the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians.
Cardamom has a distinctive flavor that is characterized as being pungent and resinous with a minty aftertaste.
Rather than cracking open a few pantry pods, use seeds that are specifically developed for planting. Put the seeds in 2.5% nitric acid container. Stir for about two minutes, then drain the seeds and acid together through a strainer. Thoroughly rinse the seeds before using them in recipes or planting them in your garden.
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If you’re planting outside, space your seeds at least 1 inch apart and about ¼ inch deep in a partly shaded location. They like well-drained, somewhat acidic soil. You may also grow cardamom seedlings in a pot so that you can bring the plant inside for winter storage.
How to Grow Elaichi Plant at home?
Don’t remove nearby trees with a chainsaw; instead, make sure your plants are always partially shaded. Keeping the soil moist is also important. They dislike dry dirt; if it’s not raining, water your plants often. If you live in a humid location, give your plants a spritz now and then; they’re accustomed to intense humidity.
- cardamom is susceptible to root binding, which can stifle flowering. If you think this might be the case, loosen the roots with a garden fork and replant in fresh soil.
- Alpinia is not true cardamom, as it does not have cardamom seeds. Flowers will appear after three years or so; the rhizomes may endure for 10-15 years.
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Tip To Grow Cardamom
Cardamom prefers humid, shady conditions and well-drained soil. Cardamom will bloom best when given ample moisture and fertilizer. A good way to provide extra humidity is to grow cardamom under a plastic tunnel or in a greenhouse.
Fertilize cardamom monthly with a balanced fertilizer during the growing season. Once the plants start to flower, you can reduce watering and fertilizing.
Cardamom pairs well with other spices such as cinnamon, cloves, and ginger. Try adding cardamom to curries, rice dishes, desserts, and teas.
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The seeds in a ripe capsule are black, while those in an immature capsule are white. Another sign is that mature pods will readily pull away without much effort.
Harvest after the pods have fully ripened at the base of each stem. Leave any pods that don’t yield for another day at the top of the stem.
Wash the harvested pods thoroughly, removing stems and other debris. Dry the peas in a dehydrator set to no higher than 120°F.
Drying the pods in the sun is another option. If you select this technique, keep in mind that the seed pods may fade from their (commercial) attractive green color.
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Cardamom Purchasing Options in India
Cardamom pods can be purchased whole or ground. Ground cardamom loses its flavor more quickly than whole pods so it’s best to buy cardamom pods and grind them as needed. You can buy cardamom at most grocery stores or online. Buying cardamom online is often cheaper than buying it at a store because you can buy it in bulk and have it shipped directly to your home.
Preventing Pest And Diseases
You might notice indications of harmful nematodes, such as poor growth and damaged-looking plants.
Plants can be harmed by oomycetes or fungus; to prevent the spread of infection, keep the growing area clean and remove dead plant material. A fungicide may also be used to cure these issues.
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Cardamom Recipes and Cooking Ideas
Savor the flavor of cardamom in these recipes for sweet and savory dishes. From breakfast to dessert, we’ve got ideas for how to work this unique spice into your cooking.
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- Start your day with a cardamom-spiced twist on oatmeal or pancakes.
- Add some zing to your lunchtime salad with a cardamom-infused vinaigrette.
- For dinner, try a hearty stew or curry made with cardamom pods.
- End the meal on a sweet note with cardamom cookies, cake, or ice cream.
No matter how you use it, cooking with cardamom is sure to add some excitement to your menu!
Cardamom is a delicious spice that can be used in sweet and savory dishes. You can buy cardamom at most grocery stores or online.
Ground cardamom loses its flavor more quickly than whole pods so it’s best to buy cardamom pods and grind them as needed.